Building and supporting vibrant health with functional medicine, science-based nutritional therapy & therapeutic lifestyle change.
Building and supporting vibrant health with functional medicine, science-based nutritional therapy & therapeutic lifestyle change. 

Diabetes

 

 

Our modern Western diet - based on a high consumption of carbohydrates, gluten, cereals, legumes and sugars -  is a diet that increases rates of cancer,  incidence of allergies, and incidence of auto-inflammatory diseases - among other health issues. This diet has shown to dysrupt insulin and blood glucose balance leading to insulin resistance, dysglycaemia, dyslipdaemia, and metabolic syndrome.

Unfortunately, if the dysregulation of insulin and glucose metabolism is left untreated, it will inevitably result in more serious health problems like: central obesity (fat around the middle), male pattern baldness, acne, short-sightedness, high blood pressure, cardio vascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and even cancers of the breast, the colon and the prostate. 

A typical Western breakfast composed of foods that upset glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and cholesterol metabolism.

"One often hears that glucose is the body's 'primary fuel'. This is quite mistaken.  It is true that all human cells can, if need be, metabolise glucose. But mitochondria, the energy producers in most human cells, prefer to burn fat.  So in the body, fat is the preferred and primary fuel, except in specialist cells that lack mitochondria (red blood cells) or ready access to fat (neurons); or owhen oxygen is limited, as in muscle cells during intense activity".           - Paul Jaminet, PhD & Shou-Ching Jaminet, Phd  Authors of the revolutionary "Perfect Health Diet"

Fat around the middle (or central obesity) is an indicator of insulin resistance

METABOLIC SYNDROME

 

 

"Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of risk factors, such as central obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and hypertension that together culminate in the increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.

As these conditions are among the leading causes of deaths worldwide and metabolic syndrome increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus fivefold and cardiovascular disease threefold, it is of critical importance that a precise definition is agreed upon by all interested parties.

Also of particular interest is the relationship between metabolic syndrome and cancer. Metabolic syndrome has been associated with a plethora of cancers including breast, pancreatic, colon, and liver cancer." 1

 

 

Article published in Obesity Reviews, by O'Neil and O'Driscoll, in January 2016 

"It is clear that low fat diets, promoted by numerous government agencies and even more numerous heavily funded health organizations, have not prevented heart disease (which is still on the rise); obesity[...]; diabetes (the most common result of insulin resistance, now recongnized by the World Health Organization as epidemic and affecting as many as three out of five people and rapidly rising, even in children); cancer [...]; or any of the other diseases processes that the eating of low-fat diets -especially low-saturated-fat diets- is supposed to prevent. The numbers continue to climb!".                       - Nora T. Gedgaudas, CNS, CNT - Certified Nutritional Therapist and Neurofeedback Specialist.

 

 

INSULIN RESISTANCE AND CHRONIC DISEASE

 

Not all individuals with resistance to insulin will develop diabetes.

 

However, those who do not develop diabetes are still at a higher risk for developing other chronic diseases like:

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD)
  • Stroke
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Colon cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Cognitive decline

 

SYMPTOMS OF INSULIN RESISTANCE

 

  • Central obesity (belly fat & love handles)
  • Hunger and cravings for sugary foods & carbs (comfort foods)
  • Acne and bad skin
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Hair loss in women in the male pattern (front and sides).
  • Fatty liver 

 

 

BLOOD GLUCOSE / INSULIN EQUATION

 

High blood glucose / high insulin levels

=

Accelerated aging and an increased risk of premature death

vs

 

Normal blood sugar / normal insulin levels

=

Healthier individuals with greater chance for longevity 

 

 

 

5. Disease Prevention and Treatment -Type II Diabetes and The Syndrome X Connection,  Fourth Ed. LIfe Extension Media,2003 ; pg. 714. 

 

 

MY FUNCTIONAL MEDICINE PLAN FOR HEALTHY GLUCOSE & INSULIN LEVELS

 

TESTING for hormonal function and gut function will be essential.

 

1. Diet - I will design a healthy, nourishing, satieting diet according to your individual constitutional type and nutritional needs. The goal of this therapeutic diet is to increase insulin sensitivity. This diet needs supervision and professional planning for it to be successful and help you achieve outstanding results. 

 

2. Intermittent Fasting - there is extensive scientific evidence that proves that not consuming foods for at least 7-8 hours after wakening, has tremendous benefits on regulating metabolism especially in people suffering from insulin resistance & hypoglycemia. Some of these benefits are:

  • It normalizes insulin and leptin sensitivity, which is key for optimal health;
  • It normalizes ghrelin levels, also known as "the hunger hormone"; 
  • It lowers triglyceride levels;
  • It's as effective as continuous calorie restriction for improving many health issues like insulin sensitivity and other metabolic disease risk markers, and better for reducing insulin resistance.7

Intermittent fasting is NOT for everybody, so please note that it requires supervision too. Intermittent fasting is not equal to skipping most meals.

 

3. Targeted supplements - in order to support  energy metabolism, it is of paramount importance to provide your body with therapeutic doses of the main nutrients that:

 

A) Fuel the natural cycle of production of energy;

B)  Support a balanced production of cortisol by the adrenal glands;

C) Support a balanced production of leptin by the adipose tissue;

D) Keep insulin production at a healthy range.

C) Reduce inflammation.

 

4. Advice on what type of exercise to do according to your constitutional type-

Physical inactivity raises the risk of type 2 diabetes in individuals with normal weight. A sedentary lifestyle is now regarded as an independent risk factor for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.8  Daily exercise is of great benefit also for individuals already suffering from type I diabetes. Type I diabetes clients have seen outstanding results under my supervised guidance on this program. 

 

5. Professional advice tailored to your specific health requirement on what stress management activities to engage in and how often

  • Yoga
  • Meditation
  • Tai Ci
  • Ci Qong
  • Dancing
  • Sports
  • Art
  • Etc.

 

7.  International Journal of Obesity 2011;35:714-27

8. Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes - Kpjm A. Hawley, Juleen R. Zierath; RMIT University, Karolinska Institutet Ed. 2008

If you're currently experiencing issues with your glucose metabolism, please get in touch asap:  

+44 07 87 20 22009  consultations@vitalityexpression.co.uk 

"Meta-analyses showed that flavonoids have a promising role in improving visual function in patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension (OHT), and appear to play a part in both improving and slowing the progression of visual field loss".

 

-Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep 4. Epub 2015 Sep 4. PMID: 26340868

"Animal studies show that holy basil helps the body maintain homeostasis of the stress hormone cortisol.1 It rebalances mood-associated neurotransmitters in the brain—specifically ones that can produce feelings of hopelessness, which is a key component of stress-induced depression."2

1- Phytother Res. 2016;30(5):805-14

2-Indian J Med Res. 2012;135(4):548-54

 

.

 

"EGCG (from green tea extract) regulates genes involved in fat oxidation and storage, as well as genes involved in insulin signaling and glucose metabolism."

-Planta Med. 2004 Nov;70(11)

 

"Effect of unsaponifiable extracts of avocado and soybean (Piasclédine) on the collagenolytic action of cultures of human rheumatoid synoviocytes and rabbit articular chondrocytes treated with interleukin-1."

- Rev Rhum Mal Osteoartic. 1991 Apr;58(4):241-5. PMID: 1647544

"This meta-analysis showed a significant effect of supplementation with Spirulina in reducing plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL-C, triglycerides and elevating those of HDL-C."

- Clin Nutr. 2015 Sep 25. Epub 2015 Sep 25. PMID: 26433766

"Supplementation with olive leaf polyphenols for 12 weeks significantly improved insulin sensitivity and pancreaticβ-cell secretory capacity in overweight middle-aged men at risk of developing the metabolic syndrome."

- Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Dec 31, 2012

 

"A coconut extra virgin oil-rich diet increases HDL cholesterol and decreases waist circumference and body mass in coronary artery disease patients."

- Nutr Hosp. 2015 ;32(5):2144-52. Epub 2015 Nov 1. PMID: 26545671

"Lycopene, the predominant carotenoid in tomatoes and tomato-based foods, is reported to protect against various cancers, especially prostate cancer. 

Cell growth was inhibited 20% at 0.2 microM lycopene and 40% at 50 microM lycopene after a 24-hr incubation. In the Comet assay, lycopene-treated cells showed less DNA damage than did placebo-treated cells. The inhibition of Hep3B cell growth in this study demonstrates the antitumor properties of lycopene."

- Biofactors. 2005 ;23(3):129-39. PMID: 16410635

"Accumulating evidence indicates that abdominal adiposity is positively related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and some other diseases independently of overall adiposity. However, the association of premature death resulting from these diseases with abdominal adiposity has not been widely studied, and findings are inconsistent. In a prospective cohort study of 44,636 women in the Nurses' Health Study, associations of abdominal adiposity with all-cause and cause-specific mortality were examined. During 16 years of follow-up, 3507 deaths were identified, including 751 cardiovascular deaths and 1748 cancer deaths. After adjustment for body mass index and potential confounders, the relative risks across the lowest to the highest waist circumference quintiles were 1.00, 1.11, 1.17, 1.31, and 1.79 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.47 to 1.98) for all-cause mortality; 1.00, 1.04, 1.04, 1.28, and 1.99 (95% CI, 1.44 to 2.73) for CVD mortality; and 1.00, 1.18, 1.20, 1.34, and 1.63 (95% CI, 1.32 to 2.01) for cancer mortality (all P<0.001 for trend). Among normal-weight women (body mass index, 18.5 to<25 kg/m(2)), abdominal obesity was significantly associated with elevated CVD mortality: Relative risk associated with waist circumference>or = 88 cm was 3.02 (95% CI, 1.31 to 6.99) and for waist-to-hip ratio>0.88 was 3.45 (95% CI, 2.02 to 6.92). After adjustment for waist circumference, hip circumference was significantly and inversely associated with CVD mortality."

-Circulation. 2008 Apr 1;117(13):1658-67. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.739714. Epub 2008 Mar 24.

"Major changes in self-reported eating behaviors included eating only when experiencing true physiological hunger and stopping when sensing a feeling of fullness. Self-efficacy for these behaviors was reported to be enhanced by observing weight loss for themselves or others. Support from other group members, the simplicity of the program, and spiritual benefits through prayer and scripture reading were also reported to enhance confidence. Women indicated that they relied on an internal locus of control based on a sense of self-discipline.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Traditional means to enhance self-efficacy were important for all women; however, for some women, spirituality was also an important aspect of adhering to program principles."

- J Nutr Educ Behav. 2004 Jan-Feb;36(1):13-5.

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